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Bike components explained: a jargon buster to all of the key frame, wheelset and groupset parts on a bicycle

Bike components explained: a jargon buster to all of the key frame, wheelset and groupset parts on a bicycle

If you’re new to cycling, there is tons of bike-specific terminology to understand if you want to get to grips with how your machine works…

Monday, Aug 15

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If you’re new to cycling, there is tons of bike-specific terminology to understand if you want to get to grips with how your machine works and what each bike component does. Some are pretty obvious and self-explanatory, whereas other bike parts are a bit more tricky.

Bike components such as bottom brackets and freehubs have a lot of complexity hidden away – and bike brands seem to love to come up with new and slightly different ways of doing things. Even pedals come in a confusing number of variants.

Confused? Here’s your jargon buster on all the key bike components – and an explanation of what they do.

Want more information? We’ve got full explainers covering the key parts of a bike, so hit the links to get the lowdown on the seemingly infinite number of standards and compatibility questions. Groupset

Finishing kit

Frame

Let’s start with the frame itself – the heart of any bike.Bikes have been made from a variety of different frame materials over the years. Today, they’re most commonly made of either aluminium alloy or carbon fibre, although steel, titanium and magnesium alloy are also options.Bike frames are typically a double-diamond design, with a front triangle composed of the seat tube, down tube, top tube and head tube, and a rear triangle composed of the seat tube, chainstays and seatstays. We’ll come on to each of these parts of a frame. Full-suspension mountain bikes have a floating linkage between the front and rear triangles, with a […]

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